1. What is PROSCAR and what is it used for?
PROSCAR is presented in blister pack containing 28 film-coated tablets.
PROSCAR is a blue, apple shaped film-coated tablet with MSD 72 on one side and PROSCAR on the other side. Each film-coated tablet contains 5 mg of finasteride.
PROSCAR contains a medicine called finasteride. PROSCAR belongs to a group of drugs known as 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
PROSCAR is used to treat benign prostate gland enlargement (benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH). This disease occurs only in men. PROSCAR shrinks the enlarged prostate gland in men. Your prostate gland is located under your bladder. It produces the liquid in the semen. An enlarged prostate gland can lead to a condition called “prostatic hyperplasia” (BPH).
What is BPH?
If you have BPH, it means that your prostate gland is enlarged. It can put pressure on the tube through which urine passes as it exits the body.
This can cause some problems, for example:
feeling the need to urinate more often, especially at night
feeling the need to urinate right away
difficulty starting to urinate
when urinating, the flow of urine is weak
When urinating, the flow of urine stops and starts again
feeling that you cannot completely empty your bladder.
In some men, BPH can lead to very serious conditions. These,
urinary tract infections,
Sudden loss of the ability to urinate (acute urinary retention),
The need for surgery.
2.How to use PROSCAR?
Instructions for proper use and dose/frequency of administration
Always use PROSCAR as recommended by your doctor. Consult your doctor or pharmacist about matters you are not sure about.
The recommended dose for PROSCAR is 5 mg (1 tablet) once a day.
Your doctor may prescribe PROSCAR together with another drug called doxazosin to help treat BPH.
Application route and method
PROSCAR is for oral use only.
It can be taken on an empty stomach or with food.
different age groups
Use in children
Use in the elderly
Use in the elderly:
No dosage adjustment is required in the elderly.
Special use cases
No special dose adjustment is required in patients with renal impairment. Caution should be exercised when PROSCAR is administered in patients with hepatic impairment.
If you have the impression that the effect of PROSCAR is too strong or weak, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.
If you use more PROSCAR than you should
If you have used more than you should use from PROSCAR, talk to a doctor or pharmacist.
If you forget to use PROSCAR
If you forget to take a tablet, skip the missed dose.
Take the next dose as usual.
Do not take a double dose to make up for forgotten doses.
3. What are the possible side effects?
Like all Medicines, PROSCAR can cause side effects, but not everyone has side effects.
The frequencies of possible side effects are as follows:
Very common (more than 1 in 10 patients)
Common (less than 1 in 10 but more than 1 in 100 patients)
Uncommon (less than 1 in 100 but more than 1 in 1000 patients)
Rare (less than 1 in 1000 but more than 1 in 10,000 patients)
Very rare (less than 1 in 10000 patients)
Frequency unknown (cannot be estimated from the available data)
If any of the following occur, stop taking PROSCAR and IMMEDIATELY inform your doctor or go to the nearest hospital emergency department:
Itching or lumps under your skin (urticaria)
Swelling of the face, tongue, throat and lips
These are all very serious side effects.
If you have one of these, it means you have a serious allergy to PROSCAR. You may need emergency medical attention or hospitalization.
All of these very serious side effects are very rare.
Other side effects may include:
Common side effects:
Your desire to have sexual intercourse may decrease.
Uncommon side effects:
« You may have difficulty achieving an erection (impotence)
Swelling or tenderness in the breast, enlargement
Side effects with unknown frequency:
• You may experience ejaculation problems, including a decrease in the amount of semen released during sex. It is not thought that this decrease will affect normal sexual function.
Palpitations (feeling your heartbeat)
Changes in the way your liver works (can be detected by blood tests)
pain in testicles
Inability to achieve an erection; may continue after stopping treatment
Male infertility and/or decreased semen quality. Improvement in semen quality has been reported after the drug was stopped.
Decreased libido, which may persist after discontinuation of treatment
Ejaculation problems that may persist after discontinuation of treatment.
These side effects may disappear if you continue to take PROSCAR. If the side effects do not disappear when you continue the treatment, they usually disappear after you stop taking PROSCAR.